Good Friday Agreement Principles
In a context of political violence during the unrest, the agreement committed participants to “exclusively democratic and peaceful ways to resolve disputes over political issues.” These were two aspects: as part of the proposed agreement, the government published a number of financial and other commitments, as did the British government. Among the commitments made by the Irish government is cooperation within the North-South Council of Ministers to implement projects that benefit people across the island, including better connectivity, north and south and investment in the North West region and border communities. Participants in the agreement consisted of two sovereign states (the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) with armed men and police forces involved in the riots. Two political parties, Sinn Féin and the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP), were linked to paramilitary organisations: the Commissional Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (EIE). The Ulster Democratic Party (UDP), together with the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), had withdrawn from the talks three months earlier. These institutional arrangements, which have been established in these three areas, are defined in the agreement as “interdependent and interdependent”. In particular, it is found that the functioning of the Northern Ireland Assembly and the North-South Council of Ministers is “so closely linked that the success of the other depends on the success of the other”, and participation in the North-South Council of Ministers is “one of the essential tasks related to the relevant posts in [Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland]”. In an attempt to break the deadlock, the British and Irish governments created an international dismantling body, chaired by former US Senator George Mitchell. This was part of a “two-way” approach in which downgrading was to accompany political discussions instead of preceding them. Mitchell submitted his report in January 1996, in which he set out six principles that had to be approved by all parties to the appeal. These included the obligation to resort exclusively to peaceful means. Mitchell recommended that all parties sign these principles and that some closures take place during the talks.